The Federal Reserve, under orders from Congress, today named the counterparties of about 21,000 transactions from $3.3 trillion in aid provided to stem the worst financial panic since the Great Depression.
Bank of America Corp. and Wells Fargo & Co. were among the biggest borrowers from one program, the Term Auction Facility, with as much as $45 billion apiece. Some aid went to U.S. units of foreign institutions, including Switzerland’s UBS AG, France’s Societe Generale and Germany’s Dresdner Bank AG. The Fed posted the data on its website to comply with a provision in July’s Dodd-Frank law overhauling financial regulation.
“We owe an accounting to the American people of who we have lent money to,” Richmond Fed President Jeffrey Lacker said today in an interview on Bloomberg Radio’s “The Hays Advantage,” with Kathleen Hays. “It is a good step toward broader transparency.”
As if the fact that the world economy has once again taken a turn for the worse (rising inflation in China, sinking everything in Europe, endless QE in the US) wasn’t enough, that pesky problem of robosigning and fraudclosure just refuses to go away. And even though the major banks are doing their best to remove any reference of this problem, which will eventually be the final nail in the coffin sealing the first truly global great depression, from the mainstream media, here is a sampling of some of the choicest admissions by robosigners, which will continue to serve as the basis for thousands of lawsuits (both RICO and otherwise) to come. While we know that BofA’s Reps & Warrantees reserve is woefully underfunded (with everyone and their grandmother now seeking to putback RMBS to BofA, anything less than ‘infinity’ is underfunded), we hope Bank of America has set up a sufficiently large legal expenses reserve. It will need it.
1. ‘Just Sign The Documents
Video deposition of alleged robosigner Crystal Moore of Nationwide Title Clearing. Deposition taken by attorney Christopher Forrest of The Forrest Law Firm in Pinellas County, Florida, Nov. 4, 2010
2. A Vice President At More Than 20 Companies
Part 2: Video deposition of alleged robosigner Bryan Bly taken by attorney Christopher Forrest in Pinellas County, FL on Nov. 4, 2010.
3. “Just Look For My Name, And Then Sign”
“Do you have any understanding as to what that term means, ‘for good and valuable consideration’?”
“I don’t usually read the docs when I sign.”
“So it’s not part of your job to review the document. Your job is just to sign it.”
“Just look for my name, and then sign.”
4. No Experience Necessary
“What did you study [in the one year of college]?”
“Nothin’. It was just the basic.”
“Do you have any other additional training or education in banking or finance?”
5. Signing 5,000 Documents Per Day At Less Than A Minute Each
“Can you tell me on any given day how many assignments or other documents you sign?”
“Are you looking for a ballpark average?”
“Ballpark. I certainly don’t expect you to remember exactly.”
“I’d say 5,000.”
“Would that be an average day for you?”
“That would be average.”
“Would it be fair to say that during your tenure at NTC you’ve probably signed an excess of 50 or 60 thousand documents?”
“Could be higher than that?”
“With signing so many on any given day, can you estimate for me the amount of time you spend on any given document?”
“Less than a minute.”
“When you’re presented with a document to sign or notarize, do you take any steps to verify any of the information contained in the document?”
“Not in the body.”
“When you say ‘not in the body’ are there any other steps that you take?”
“I’m just looking to make sure it’s been fully signed.”
“Would it be accurate to say that you are presented with a stack of documents to sign, and your practice is to look at the document, see if it’s been signed, affix your signature to it and then move on to the next document?”
6. A Disturbing Lack Of Experience
“When you say ‘financial’ are you referring to matters relating to banking?”
“No. We don’t do mortgages in my country. … I don’t have any idea about mortgages when I started here.”
7. A Strange Definition Of A Mortgage
“Did you take any steps to verify any of the information contained in this assignment before you signed it?”
“Do you ever take any steps to verify any of the information in the documents you sign at NTC?”
“What is your understanding of what exactly is a mortgage?”
“When somebody goes to buy a house, they take a loan. And then the mortgage is their paying the banks bank.”
“Can you tell me what your understanding is of the term ‘promissory note’?”
“That’s just the note. Like it says the interest rate and stuff like that on it.”
8. Management May Have Electronically Signed Documents For One Employee
“Do you play any role in the creation of the documents to which your signature is electronically affixed?”
“Do you have any idea what documents or how many documents your signature has been electronically affixed to?”
“Do you ever review those electronic documents after your signature has been affixed?”
“So would it be accurate to say that entire process takes place outside of your presence and knowledge?”
“That would be fair.”
“You play no role in the determination as to whether or not you should be signing the document physically, or whether your electronic signature should be inserted?”
“Who makes that decision?”
“That would be someone in management.”
“So someone else in management is making a decision as to whether or not to use your signature to affix it electronically to a document?”
“And you have no role in that process?”
9. Signing More Than 50,000 Documents
“Have you signed assignments or other documents as vice president of any other companies?”
“What companies have you signed as vice president?”
“I don’t know.”
“You can’t recall any?”
“Can you estimate for me the number of different companies that you’ve signed assignments as vice president?”
“I don’t know.”
“Can you estimate for me how many assignments or other documents in total during your tenure at NTC you signed as an officer or a vice president of a company?”
“I don’t know.”
“Is it more than 10?”
“More than 500?”
“More than 5,000?”
“More than 20,000?”
“More than 50,000?”
“And out of those 50,000, the only company that you can recall signing as a vice president or an officer is City Residential Lending?”
The Federal Reserve’s quantitative easing programs, QE for short, is not inflationary, said Chairman Bernanke to Jacksonville University students on November 5th, 2 days after Bernanke and company launched QE II. These asset purchase programs, he said, are not inflating the money supply.
Not so says THE CONTRARIAN TAKE to those same students. Says THE CONTRARIAN TAKE to Chairman Bernanke, it may be time for Money Mechanics 101, for it appears you do not understand the money creation process. If you did we don’t think you would have said this:
What the purchases do… is… if you think of the Fed’s balance sheet, when we buy securities, on the asset side of the balance sheet, we get the Treasury securities, or in the previous episode, mortgage-backed securities. On the liability side of the balance sheet, to balance that, we create reserves in the banking system. Now, what these reserves are is essentially deposits that commercial banks hold with the Fed, so sometimes you hear the Fed is printing money, that’s not really happening, the amount of cash in circulation is not changing. What’s happening is that banks are holding more and more reserves with the Fed…
Growing criticism of U.S. Federal Reserve policy is fueling global tensions as leaders of the world’s largest economies prepare to meet in South Korea Wednesday.
Last week the Fed announced it would pump another $600 billion into the U.S. economy through the purchase of long-term Treasuries, a move known as quantitative easing, or “QE2,” since it is the second round of such purchases.
The move sparked fears that it could reignite inflation pressures, cause a new global asset bubble or spark a so-called “currency war” in which nations devalue their own currencies to keep their own exports competitive.
President Obama will hear those complaints later this week when he arrives at the G-20 meeting in South Korea, a summit of heads of state of the world’s leading economies.
The harshest criticism came Friday from German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schäuble, who told reporters at a conference that, “With all due respect, U.S. policy is clueless.”
“It’s not that the Americans haven’t pumped enough liquidity into the market,” he said. “Now to say let’s pump more into the market is not going to solve their problems.”
Goldman Sachs anticipates that the real cost of the second round of quantitative easing will be in excess of $2 trillion and will continue well into 2012, while other prominent economists have denounced the Fed’s actions.
The Fed announced yesterday that it would purchase $600 billion in Treasury securities in a statement that left open the possibility of the real cost rising much higher.
“The Committee will regularly review the pace of its securities purchases and the overall size of the asset-purchase program in light of incoming information and will adjust the program as needed to best foster maximum employment and price stability.” the statement read.
As pointed out by Tyler Durden at the Zero Hedge blog, Goldman Sachs has predicted that the real cost of the Fed’s plan will sky rocket.
“We believe that the program will grow significantly beyond the initial $600 billion” remarks Goldman’s Jan Hatzius.
With the world on the verge of a currency war as the Federal Reserve follows through on its dollar-killing quantitative easing program, rumors are once again swirling of a “bank holiday,” during which US citizens will be prevented from withdrawing money or at least limited in the amount of the withdrawal they can make.
The bank holiday is rumored to be set for next week, with Thursday November 11 pinpointed as the likeliest date.
According to radio host Steve Quayle, a pastor was told by one of the managers of a prominent east coast bank that banks would close for an undetermined amount of time, and that when they reopened, “all withdrawals
Financial upheaval has been matched by political upheaval, and we can only hope that Congressman Ron Paul and his son, Senator in waiting Rand Paul, can build momentum to finally cut out the cancer that is destroying America – by ending the Fed for good.
Foreclosure timelines continue to increase, thanks in part of the recent robosigning allegations and related moratoria, according to the September Mortgage Monitor report released byLender Processing Services.
The average number of days mortgages are delinquent in five judicial states (New York, Florida, New Jersey, Hawaii and Maine) now exceeds 500 days.
Judicial foreclosures generally take longer to process because they are handled through the courts, and we all know how that goes…
For Bank of America, Countrywide Financial is turning into a fixer-upper home that keeps needing one more budget-busting repair.
In January 2008, then-chief executive Ken Lewis called the Charlotte bank’s $4billion deal to buy the troubled lender a “compelling value.” But nearly three years later, the mortgage unit created by the acquisition is a major headache for Lewis’ successor, Brian Moynihan, and the bank’s shareholders.
PIMCO, Blackrock, NY Fed Seek to Force BofA to Repurchase $47 Billion in Soured Mortgages; Viral Nonsense on “Show Me the Note” and “ForeclosureGate”
More Evidence That Eurobank Stress Tests Are a Garbage-In, Garbage-Out Exercise
2010-07-03 — nakedcapitalism.com
“The stress tests conducted on 19 large American banks by the US Treasury in 2009 were an amazingly effective exercise in salesmanship and sleight of hand. Banking industry experts, including Bill Black, Chris Whalen, and Josh Rosner, dismissed the process as mere theatrics: too little staffing and not enough “stress” in the economic forecasts and loss assumptions (particularly on second mortgage). My pet peeve was that the banks ran the tests on their trading books using their own risk models, the very ones that had performed so well in preparing them for them in the runup to the crisis.”
On The New York Fed’s Editorial Influence Over The WSJ
2010-07-05 — zerohedge.com
“Yet going through some of the recently made public e-mails produced on behalf of Stephen Friedman, we had a few questions as to the full independence of the WSJ when it comes to “editorial” suggestions from the Federal Reserve Board Of New York. As the below email from Fed EVP of the Communications Group, ala media liaison, Calvin Mitchell to the WSJ’s Kate Kelly demonstrates, and as the final product confirms, the Fed was quite instrumental in what quotes, tangents, implications, and story lines the WSJ was allowed and not allowed to use and pursue in framing the problem of not only Friedman’s conflict of interest, but that of the FRBNY board of directors itself.”
Who Would Finance Mortgages If Fannie, Freddie Disbanded?
2010-07-02 — cnbc.com
“Earlier this year, Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner laid out a general outline for how the Obama Administration would reform Freddie and Fannie, including insuring that shareholders don’t reap gains while the public pays for the losses.”
Fed Made Taxpayers Junk-Bond Buyers Without Congress Knowing
2010-07-01 — bloomberg.com
“By using its balance sheet to protect an investment bank against failure, the Fed took on the most credit risk in its 96- year history and increased the chance that Americans would be on the hook for billions of dollars as the central bank began insuring Wall Street firms against collapse. The Fed’s secrecy spurred legislation that will require government audits of the Fed bailouts and force the central bank to reveal recipients of emergency credit.”
Bloodbath tomorrow in the stock market?
The correction, soon to be crash, is here: the market had a bigger relative open to close move today than it did on May 6. We closed at the day’s lows on massive volume, despite definitive central bank intervention, regardless whether it was the SNB, the ECB, or the Fed. The central planners have lost control of the market, and all thanks to the inevitable collapse of hyper capitalist Keynesianism coming out of the formerly most communist country in the world. A day of ironies. And it’s not over. Futures are already down another 4 handles. The correction is coming, and it will be a bloodbath. The Fed can not push rates lower. It will print. It is inevitable. It is our destiny.
Update: Futures now 7 handles lower. 46 point move in ES: that is almost a 5% move in the S&P for now.
2010-05-14 Mish’s Global Economic Blog
Record 40 Million, 1 in 8 on Food Stamps
from Mish’s Global Economic Trend Analysis by firstname.lastname@example.org (Michael Shedlock)
Hello recovery, where art thou? Month after month, the number of food stamp recipients hits news records.
Please consider Food-stamp tally nears 40 million, sets record.
Nearly 40 million Americans received food stamps — the latest in an ever-higher string of record enrollment that dates from December 2008 and the U.S. recession, according to a government update.
Enrollment has set a record each month since reaching 31.78 million in December 2008. USDA estimates enrollment will average 40.5 million people this fiscal year, which ends Sept 30, at a cost of up to $59 billion. For fiscal 2011, average enrollment is forecast for 43.3 million people.
Snap, Crackle, Pop
It’s no longer supposed to be called “food stamp” program but rather SNAP, Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.
No matter what you call it, another 260,000 are on it than last month. However, data is way lagging. A quick check of my calendar says it’s May. The SNAP data reported Friday, May 7 is from February.
Excuse me for asking, but how hard is it to count the number of people in a program getting free benefits? Is it really so difficult that it takes months to count?
Here is an interesting tidbit from the article, “Research suggests that one in three eligible people are not receiving benefits.”
My quick math suggests approximately 53 million people could be receiving SNAPs but only 40 million are.
Note: 53 million was arrived at by taking 1/3 of 40 million and adding it 40 million. Another possible intrepretation, perhaps more likely, is 40 million is 2/3 of 60 million.
The Fed “Owns Credit-Default Swaps … On Debt Owed by California and Nevada. So the Fed Would Profit If One of Those States Defaulted on its Debt.”
What about this one folks…….. “The Fed also owns credit-default swaps — basically, insurance policies that pay off if a borrower defaults on a loan. It holds swaps on the debt of Florida schools, and on debt owed by California and Nevada. So the Fed would profit if one of those states defaulted on its debt.”
As Europe is bailed out to the tune of nearly $1 trillion dollars, Congressman Ron Paul warns that the constant monetization of debt, allied with taxpayer-funded bailouts, will inevitably lead to runaway inflation and the collapse of paper currencies.
Under the terms of the Federal Reserve’s credit swap deal with the EU – in addition to an additional IMF bailout of which U.S. taxpayers will be picking up 20 per cent ($57 billion dollars) of the tab, Paul pointed out that not just taxpayers but “anybody that buys anything” will be funding the European bailout because of the attendant inflationary consequences.
“The prices are going up already, producer prices are going up, the cost of living will go up so everyone in American will suffer and eventually the whole world will suffer because we cannot carry the whole world with our dollar,” Paul told Fox Business, adding that eventually people will lose confidence in the dollar.
The Congressman agreed with the host that the bailouts would lead to the crash of paper currencies, noting that last week’s stock market turmoil was accompanied by gold acting as a currency rather than just reacting to the value of the dollar.
BEIJING — China is expected to impose a moratorium on share issues by real estate companies in mainland markets as part of a broader campaign to rein in rising property prices, state media said Wednesday, potentially blocking $16.1 billion in capital-raising.
The move could delay plans by 45 Chinese companies to raise about 110 billion renminbi, China Daily said, citing unidentified people close to the China Securities Regulatory Commission.
A commission official told Reuters a formal suspension was not in place but confirmed that before approving any share issues in mainland markets, the regulator and the Land Resources Ministry were examining whether property companies had illegally manipulated land prices. The official asked not to be identified because he was not authorized to speak to the media.
2010-04-29 Jesse Cafe’ Blog
The strategy of the Bernanke Federal Reserve and of the Obama Administration’s economic team is fairly clear: prevent the bank failures of the 1930’s by propping up the biggest banks with huge infusions of publicly subsidized capital, and hope that they start lending again as the economy recovers. It is a variation of the ‘trickle down’ theory of economics adjusted by the perceived Fed policy errors of the first Great Depression, with little from the New Deal programs.
Bernanke is famously a student of the first Great Depression, even as General Joffre, the architect of the Ligne Maginot, was a student of the first World War. And Larry Summers is remarkably similar to Marshal Pétain. Tim, on the other hand, seems to be a student of very little, not even apparently of the tax code which he administers, except perhaps the art of being a manservant, a valet to the powerful.
Failure number one of course is that the banks that they chose to support are not responsible commercial banks engaged primarily in lending to small business and localized activity. Those banks are the local and regional banks that are failing in record numbers. The banks they chose to save are those who have heavily contributed to the campaign coffers and job prospects of Washington politicians. Goldman Sachs, for example, is a glorified hedge fund dedicated to speculation and enormous amounts of leverage. One only has to look at the source of their profits to understand what it is that they do with their capital and energy. And it is largely from ‘trading.’
2010-04-21 – Ritzhold.com
” We have known for decades that these are frauds. We have known for a decade how to stop them. All of the major regulatory agencies were complicit in that statement, in destroying it. We have a self-fulfilling policy of regulatory failure because of the leadership in this era.
We have the Fed, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, finding that this is three card monty. Well what would you do, as a regulator, if you knew that one of the largest enterprises in the world, when the nation is on the brink of economic collapse, is engaged in fraud, three card monty? Would you continue business as usual?
That’s what was done. Oh they met a lot — they say “we only had a nuclear stick.” Sounds like a pretty good stick to use, if you’re on the brink of collapse of the system. But that’s not what the Fed has to do. The Fed is a central bank. Central banks for centuries have gotten rid of the heads of financial institutions. The Bank of England does it with a luncheon. The board of directors are invited. They don’t say “no.” They are sat down.
Instead, every day that Lehman remained under its leadership, the exposure of the American people to loss grew by hundreds of millions of dollars on average. Auroroa was pumping out up to 300 billion dollars a month in liars’ loans. Losses on those are running roughly 50% to 85 cents on the dollar. It is critical not to do business as usual, to change.”
Wow. What a crazy read.
“….There was so much money to be made bilking these dizzy Southerners that banks like JP Morgan spent millions paying middlemen who bribed — yes, that’s right, bribed, criminally bribed — the county commissioners and their buddies just to keep their business. Hell, the money was so good, JP Morgan at one point even paid Goldman Sachs $3 million just to back the fuck off, so they could have the rubes of Jefferson County to fleece all for themselves…..”
Our Country is currently doing 50,287 loans a month per article above. These include all types of home loans, purchases, refinances, construction loans, HELOC’s, etc. This does not mean 50,287 homes have been sold or taken off of the market.
Our same Country is losing 290,631 homes a month to foreclosure. These numbers do not include the hidden inventory nor does it include all the mortgages that will adjust in 2010, 2011, 2012 causing the foreclosure number to go up and removing even more potential buyers. I always go back to the fact we were at an all time high of homeownership in our country’s history before the bust. Where do we plan to find more buyers? We have lost close to 5 million buyers because they lost their homes to foreclosure. Minimum lending requirements require you to be 3 years removed from a foreclosure discharge date before they will be able to buy again.
A LOT OF INVENTORY WITH VERY FEW BUYERS!
SUPPLY AND DEMAND. IT’S A VERY SIMPLE NUMBERS GAME.
HOME PRICES WILL CONTINUE TO FALL WAY BELOW WHERE THEY CURRENTLY ARE FOR THE SIMPLE FACT THERE ARE NO BUYERS TO REMOVE THE SUPPLY.
2010-04-09 – newobservations.net
” The average of four major nationwide indexes measuring prices also continues to suggest we hover right around a middle point of the total loss expected. Our current loss by the average of four indexes from the peak in 2006/2007 is 20 percent. The total loss forecast by the blend of indexes is 33 percent.”
I apologize to everyone about the lack of updates. Work has been…. well…. work. It seems transactions take 3 – 4x as long and nearly 9 of 10 are either Short Sales or Bank Owned real estate. It seems that the banks are controlling the market, the interest rates and now, most of the real estate for sale. We have tax credits expiring, we have the FED’s backing out of buying Mortgage Backed Securities, we have hundreds of billions $$$ in loans left to adjust and we have an ENORMOUS pool of Commercial Rela Estate scheduled for default in the next 4 years. Things are about to get really interesting, so I’ll get back on my horse and keep you all up-to-date.
Happy Navigating, Jason Pickle
2009-12-03Calculated Risk Blog
“In the week ending Nov. 28, the advance figure for seasonally adjusted initial claims was 457,000, a decrease of 5,000 from the previous week’s revised figure of 462,000 [revised from 466,000]. The 4-week moving average was 481,250, a decrease of 14,250 from the previous week’s revised average of 495,500.
The advance number for seasonally adjusted insured unemployment during the week ending Nov. 21 was 5,465,000, an increase of 28,000 from the preceding week’s revised level of 5,437,000. The 4-week moving average was 5,541,500, a decrease of 75,750 from the preceding week’s revised average of 5,617,250.”
“Overall, many participants viewed the risks to their inflation outlooks over the next few quarters as being roughly balanced. Some saw the risks as tilted to the downside in the near term, reflecting the quite elevated level of economic slack and the possibility that inflation expectations could begin to decline in response to the low level of actual inflation. But others felt that risks were tilted to the upside over a longer horizon, because of the possibility that inflation expectations could rise as a result of the public’s concerns about extraordinary monetary policy stimulus and large federal budget deficits. Moreover, these participants noted that banks might seek to reduce appreciably their excess reserves as the economy improves by purchasing securities or by easing credit standards and expanding their lending substantially. Such a development, if not offset by Federal Reserve actions, could give additional impetus to spending and, potentially, to actual and expected inflation. To keep inflation expectations anchored, all participants agreed that it was important for policy to be responsive to changes in the economic outlook and for the Federal Reserve to continue to clearly communicate its ability and intent to begin withdrawing monetary policy accommodation at the appropriate time and pace.”
Nov. 27 (Bloomberg) — The worldwide decline in equities spurred by Dubai’s efforts to reschedule its debt is a sign that government spending alone won’t be enough to protect financial markets, according to Arnab Das of Roubini Global Economics.
Shares slumped from Shanghai to Brazil and European shares fell the most in seven months yesterday after Dubai World, the government investment company burdened by $59 billion of liabilities, sought to delay repayment on much of its debt. Governments have spent, lent or guaranteed $11.6 trillion and central banks held interest rates near zero percent to end the first global recession since World War II.
“We’re bound to see a rise in risk aversion,” Das, who is based in London, said in an interview. “The Dubai situation signifies that although the major central banks around the world have stabilized the financial system, they can’t make all the excesses simply disappear. We still have to work out those balance sheet stresses. The recovery is proceeding, but significant challenges still lie ahead.”
1009-11-29 Mish’s Global Economic Blog
Global stock markets endured heavy selling on Thursday as investors were spooked by the spectre of a default by Dubai and after a febrile foreign exchange market saw the yen surge to a 14-year high against the dollar.
The turmoil caused a flight to less risky assets. Gold, which had challenged $1,200 in Asian trading, fell back from its highs and money flowed into havens such as German government bonds.
US markets are closed for the Thanksgiving holiday, but electronic trading of the benchmark S&P 500 equity futures contract showed a potential drop on Wall Street of 2.2 per cent.
As the European trading day progressed it became clear it was Dubai World’s difficulties that had hit a particular nerve, reminding investors of the lingering damage wrought by the financial crisis.
2009-11-28 Mish’s Global Economic Blog
“If there is no clear, easy way out for housing, then there is no clear, easy way out for Wells Fargo. Wells is sitting in a huge pile of Pay Option Arms in bubble states like California, where prices still have a long way to correct.”
“Banks and savings institutions insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. (FDIC) posted aggregate net income of $2.8bn in Q309 despite net quarterly losses reported by more than 26% of all insured institutions, according to the FDIC’s quarterly report on insured institutions.”
Barry Ritholtz, CEO of Fusion IQ… notes the existing home sales number was juiced by sales of cheap condos and various government programs. Meanwhile, the Case-Shiller results were below expectations.
The 10 major cities in the Standard & Poor’s/Case-Shiller home price index have risen 5% from their April low, but the index is still predicting a massive 45% fall from today’s values.
The index is still showing a current loss of 30% from the high in June 2006. Based upon a trend generated from the actual prices of 1987 to 1997, and generated forward in a linear projection, the index will fall a total of 62% before it reaches the trend norm.
2009-11-16 — heraldtribune.com
“The FBI recently added short sale flipping, dubbed “flopping” by some mortgage fraud experts, to its list of recognized real estate fraud.”
2009-11-16 — reuters.com
“Investors who reaped robust gains in U.S. mortgage-backed securities by piggy-backing on the Federal Reserve’s $1.25 trillion buying program are bracing for the end to the central bank’s support — and positioning themselves for a new round of profits as prices cheapen.”
The market for commercial mortgage-backed securities (CMBS) experienced a rally last week following the issuance of new guidelines regarding acceptable loan modifications within real estate mortgage investment conduits (REMICs).
The total reach of the new rules may not go so deep, however, as to help some underwater borrowers, according to one research firm.
“Next year, many option ARM payments will begin to readjust, slamming borrowers with dramatically higher monthly mortgage bills. Analysts say that could unleash the next big wave of foreclosures – and home-loan data show that the risky loans were heavily used in the Bay Area.”
2009-09-21 — blogspot.com
2009-08-11 — blownmortgage.com
“Two reports out say if you’re thinking of buying, wait. The prices are going to continue to drop. The reason they offer are the same: Continuing increases in the number of homes worth less than their current mortgages.”
2009-08-11 — minyanville.com
“My vacation back to the US surprised and confounded many of my old friends: they know I moved back to park my wealth in dollars. Incredulously they asked how I could possibly not believe the US government, along with their crony partner the Federal Reserve, will not devalue the dollar to “settle” our debt with foreign lenders. A normal default (since we all know there is no way to possibly pay this debt back, nor is their enough capital in the world to buy our newly needed “financings”) isn’t palatable, they say, so the only direction for the dollar is down. I agree, but only in the long run. “
2009-08-10 — lewrockwell.com
2009-08-10 — blownmortgage.com
” Over 3 million people are 60 days behind in their mortgage payments with little hope of finding a quick solution. This has caused many borrowers look for somewhat imaginative measures to save their home, one of these has been declaring bankruptcy to avoid a mortgage foreclosure. Does this work? Is it legal?”
“Readers may recall that during the heat of bailout battle, the Federal Reserve got into the fancy finance business, relying on the sort of deal structuring sometimes used to try to turn toxic odd pork scraps into barely-digestible sausage, the procedure used for pigs so dead that merely putting lipstick on them just won’t do.
The items in question are Maiden Lane, the vehicle used to backstop JP Morgan’s purchase Bear Stearns, and two sons of Maiden Lane created for dodgy AIG exposures. The bank was permitted to move some particularly fragrant collateral from Bear over to the Fed for a loan of $30 billion. The arrangement got reworked on the fly, and in the end, the Fed loan was reduced to roughly $29 billion as JP Morgan agreed to assume $1.15 billion of risk. The assets were placed in a holding company to be managed by BlackRock.”
It’s about time that people start asking the tough questions.
THIS IS NOT A MISPRINT.
“U.S. taxpayers may be on the hook for as much as $23.7 trillion to bolster the economy and bail out financial companies, said Neil Barofsky, special inspector general for the Treasury’s Troubled Asset Relief Program.
The Treasury’s $700 billion bank-investment program represents a fraction of all federal support to resuscitate the U.S. financial system, including $6.8 trillion in aid offered by the Federal Reserve, Barofsky said in a report released today.
“TARP has evolved into a program of unprecedented scope, scale and complexity,” Barofsky said in testimony prepared for a hearing tomorrow before the House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform.
Treasury spokesman Andrew Williams said the U.S. has spent less than $2 trillion so far and that Barofsky’s estimates are flawed because they don’t take into account assets that back those programs or fees charged to recoup some costs shouldered by taxpayers.
“These estimates of potential exposures do not provide a useful framework for evaluating the potential cost of these programs,” Williams said. “This estimate includes programs at their hypothetical maximum size, and it was never likely that the programs would be maxed out at the same time.”
“More than one-third of all Option-ARMs (called Pick-A-Pay loans below) are in default and most of these are likely to make it to the foreclosure stage eventually.”
“After a review of 13 US residential mortgage-backed securities (RMBS) transactions, Standard and Poor’s lowered its ratings on 120 of the securities’ classes last week. The collateral backing the vintage 2005-2007 securities are primarily Alt-A, first-lien residential mortgages.”
“Often, the troubled home owner assumes the loss will be eaten by the lender. But Bank of America and Chase have quietly added language in their short-sale agreements that require the borrower to sign a promissory note for the shortfall.”
“Home prices will be lower in two years compared to Q109 for much of the country’s metropolitan statistical areas, (MSAs) according to an economic trends report released by PMI Mortgage Insurance Co.”
“Reporting from Washington — Just as the nation’s housing market has begun showing signs of stabilizing, another wave of foreclosures is poised to strike, possibly as early as this summer, inflicting new punishment on families, communities and the still-troubled national economy.
Amid rising unemployment and falling home prices, mortgage defaults have surged to record levels this year. Until recently, many banks have put off launching foreclosure action on the troubled properties, in part because they had signed up for the Obama administration’s home-stability plan, which required them to consider the alternative of modifying loans to make it easier for borrowers to make payments….”
“Declines of more than 20 percent in regional banks and homebuilders and the failure of transportation companies to erase their annual loss may be signs the rally in the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index is about to fizzle.”
“Delinquency rates on the least risky mortgages more than doubled in the first quarter from a year earlier as U.S. efforts to help homeowners failed to keep pace with job losses that pushed more borrowers toward foreclosure.”
Wall Street Journal.com’s Bailout Tracker
Where is the $$$ going?
175 California Hotels In Default; Sheraton Keahou Bay Resort in Hawaii Defaults; More Defaults Coming
2009-06-28 Mishs Global Economic Blog
In California, 175 hotels are in default — the first stage in the foreclosure process — according to a report from Atlas Hospitality Group, an Irvine-based brokerage firm. Another 31 have been foreclosed, nearly one third of them in the Inland region.
Of those in default or foreclosure, about 75 percent obtained new loans between 2005 and 2007 for construction financing, re-financing or to buy the hotel, according to the firm. Atlas Hospitality estimates that 2,500 hotels — about 25 percent of the state’s entire hotel population — refinanced or obtained new loans in that time meaning more defaults and foreclosures could be on the horizon.
“Mad props once again to Zerohedge who shone the bright light on Freddie’s latest screed. I’m not going to take from their discussion of The Fed buying up paper at what will (almost certainly) lead to ruinous losses – you can find that there. Rather, I am going to look at some of the internals from the document published that they didn’t focus on.”
China’s central bank renewed its call on Friday for the creation of a super-sovereign reserve currency to reduce the dollar’s global domination, which it said had worsened the financial crisis. In its annual financial stability report, the central bank did not mention the dollar by name but said it was a serious defect that one currency should tower over all others. “An international monetary system dominated by a single sovereign sovereign currency has intensified the concentration of risk and the spread of the crisis,” the People’s Bank of China said.
2009-06-10 Dr Housing Bubble.com
If you want further proof how horrific these products are, take a look at how many of the Alt-A and pay Option ARM products originated with a second lien. That is, low down or nothing down fantasy buyers. In California, there are currently floating around 186,917 Alt-A mortgages with a second lien on them. You can rest assured that 90 to 99 percent of these loans will implode in the upcoming months. This is where your piggy back loans and 80-10-10 crap came about. I remember when zero down was a crazy way to suck in unknowing investors to thousand dollar seminars but it actually became a mainstream way to buy a home.
Before you even wonder how safe these loans are 41.6 percent of California Alt-A mortgage holders already have one late in the last 12 months! Keep in mind that most of this junk hasn’t even hit recast points and nearly half are already late with one payment:
May 6, 2009
Presented by Mike “Mish” Shedlock.
Mike “Mish” Shedlock is author of one of the most read economics blogs on the Internet: Mish’s Global Economic Trend Analysis http://globaleconomicanalysis.blogspot.com.
Mish gave an @Google talk, sharing his perspective on the state of the global economy (housing, the stock market, commodities, etc.) He also provides his interesting story about how he started blogging, and the impact that it has had on his life personally and professionally.
In January, Time.com ranked his site the #1 based on a rounded set of criteria http://www.time.com/time/business/article/0,8599,1873144-3,00.html. From the article:
“Although Mish is not an economist by training, he adroitly gets into the thick of economic data. Mish uses observations made by those in major media, so-called experts and government officials and serves up analysis based on his impression of their relevance and validity. The author is not afraid to attack conventional wisdom.”
3 Fascinating articles. Woooooaah Nelly, it seems as things were not as rosy as we thought for the last month.
Mortgage Delinquencies, Foreclosures, Rates Increase
“Mortgage delinquencies and foreclosures rose to records in the first quarter and home-loan rates jumped to the highest since March this week as the government’s effort to fix the housing slump lost momentum.”
Mortgage Marekt Seizes Up
Mish’s Global Economic Blog: http://globaleconomicanalysis.blogsp…-locks-up.html
“With respect to yesterday’s episode in the mortgage market — yes, it is as bad as you can imagine. Yesterday, the mortgage market was so volatile that banks and mortgage bankers across the nation issued multiple midday price changes for the worse, leading many to ultimately shut down the ability to lock loans around 1pm PST. This is not uncommon over the past five months, but not that common either. Lenders that maintained the ability to lock loans had rates UP as much as 75bps in a single day.”
THE CURTAINS ARE ON FIRE!!!
“To put this in a bit more simple form, this means that while the banks are claiming to be increasing loss provisions, loans are going bad faster than their provisioning is increasing – which means they’re reporting “profits” that are false, as provisions for bad loans hit earnings. So we can take some more off those “reported earnings”, as much as another $6-10 billion dollars.”
“JP Morgan Chase & Co., Citigroup, Wells Fargo & Co., Goldman Sachs Group, GMAC LLC, SunTrust Banks, Inc., and Fifth Third Bancorp — are at risk of failure and may have to cut back lending dramatically to stay alive.”
Unless this capital is forthcoming, a clutch of countries will prove unable to roll over their debts at a bearable cost. Those that cannot print money to tide them through, either because they no longer have a national currency (Ireland, Club Med), or because they borrowed abroad (East Europe), run the biggest risk of default.
Traders already whisper that some governments are buying their own debt through proxies at bond auctions to keep up illusions – not to be confused with transparent buying by central banks under quantitative easing. This cannot continue for long.
In 2006 and early 2007, the official housing statistics were still showing that house prices were holding up. But that was largely because so many sellers were refusing to sell. The auctions, made up mostly of foreclosed homes, showed the truth: house values were starting to plummet in many places.
So a few weeks ago, I decided to go to an auction at a hotel ballroom in Washington — and to study the results of several others elsewhere — with an eye to figuring out whether prices may now be close to bottoming out.
That’s clearly a huge economic question. Last week, JPMorgan’s chief financial officer told Eric Dash of The New York Times that JPMorgan, and presumably other banks, would be under pressure “until home prices stabilize and unemployment peaks.”
It seems we are off to the races with the gov’t being the primary shareholder of bank interests. Good Lord, what’s next?
Is That Recovery We See?
By John Mauldin
- Is That Recovery We See?
- Those Wild and Crazy Analysts
- The Shadow Inventory of Homes
- Commercial Real Estate Starts a Long, Slow Slide
- P/E Ratios Go Negative!
- The Effect of Earnings Surprises
- Corporate Earnings and Recovery in Recessions
- The Implosion in Social Security
The market, we keep hearing and reading, is telling us that there is recovery around the corner. And pundits point to data that seems to suggest the worst is behind us. The leading economic indicators, while still down significantly, seem to be in the process of bottoming. There is a large amount of stimulus in the pipeline. Mark-to-market has been modified. Housing seems to be finding a bottom, if you look at the rise in sales from January. And so on.”
2009-04-09 ZeroHedge Blog
The bottom line is that there is a massive wave of actual foreclosures that will hit beginning in April that can’t be stopped without a national moratorium — this wave is so big I would not put it past them trying it.
CA foreclosure background – in mid-2008 the foreclosure wave was artificially held back as a result of the CA law SB1137 enacted in Sept 2008. This also kept NOD’s and NTS’s at much lower levels than the actual defaults that were occurring. Other bubble states and several banks/servicers also went on random moratoria and the foreclosure wave was held back for the past six months. But just like so many other intervention and moratoria in the past, the problem just comes out the other side even more violent than if they would have done nothing. Adding insult to injury, the GSE’s announced this week that they were coming off moratorium, which could increase foreclosures by 20-25% alone.
Bill Moyers Journal
Sharing the Blame for the Economic Crisis?…
William K. Black, former senior bank regulator
Excellent explanation of what happened between 2001 and today. I caught a glimpse of CNBC’s documentary on the financial crisis called “House of Cards” just now and I highly recommend anyone who’s interested on how we got ourselves into such trouble to watch it.
From what I’ve seen, it at least explains:
- How it was a credit crisis to a stock market crisis to a economic crisis.
- What a CDO is and Alan Greenspan’s take on it.
- What some people have done to warn it and how others knew things were going to be bad.
The show, House of Cards, is going to be on CNBC and premiers tonight (2/12/2009) at 8:00pm ET and 12:00am ET.
Or you can view this entire special online here:
2009-02-19 — crisisofcredit.com
2009-02-18 – WSJ.com
Homeowner Affordability and Stability Plan
The deep contraction in the economy and in the housing market has created devastating consequences for homeowners and communities throughout the country.
· Millions of responsible families who make their monthly payments and fulfill their obligations have seen their property values fall, and are now unable to refinance at lower mortgage rates.
· Millions of workers have lost their jobs or had their hours cut back, are now struggling to stay current on their mortgage payments – with nearly 6 million households facing possible foreclosure.
· Neighborhoods are struggling, as each foreclosed home reduces nearby property values by as much as 9 percent.
1. Refinancing for Up to 4 to 5 Million Responsible Homeowners to Make Their Mortgages More Affortdable
2. A $75 Billion Homeowner Stability Initiative to Reach Up to 3 to 4 Million At-Risk Homeowners
3. Supporting Low Mortgage Rages by Strengthening Confidence in Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.
The Homeowner Affordability and Stability Plan is part of the President’s broad, comprehensive strategy to get the economy back on track. The plan will help up to 7 to 9 million families restructure or refinance their mortgages to avoid foreclosure. In doing so, the plan not only helps responsible homeowners on the verge of defaulting, but prevents neighborhoods and communities from being pulled over the edge too, as defaults and foreclosures contribute to falling home values, failing local businesses, and lost jobs. The key components of the Homeowner Affordability and Stability Plan are:
2009-02-17 – Ritzhold.com
“Beyond the $700 billion bailout known as TARP, which has been used to prop up banks and car companies, the government has created an array of other programs to provide support to the struggling financial system. Through Feb. 10, the government has made commitments of nearly $8.8 trillion and spent $2 trillion. Here is an overview, organized by the role the government has assumed in each case.”
2008-17-08 – NYTimes.com
“President Obama has not ruled out a second stimulus package, his press secretary, Robert Gibbs, said on Tuesday, just before Mr. Obama signed his $787 billion recovery package into law with a statement that it would “set our economy on a firmer foundation.”
The government’s attempt to spend (read borrow) our way out of this situation may lead to a total collapse of the dollar.
The Fed meeting minutes released today sure paint a picture of a Federal Reserve with very little regard for how to unwind these measures or what the long term consequences could be. I think a collapse in dollar assets is a very real concern after years of being considered nearly lunatic fringe talk.
Willem Buiter wrote a great piece on this.
Among other unpleasant observations, Peter calls the U.S. a banana republic and mocks the Fed with ‘the idea’ of exporting prosperity via printing endless money (debt) to the rest of the world!
This should be a real thrill for those of us that want to see the money masters face that we know the truth about our multi-fractional reserve ponzi scheme banking system.
2008-12-10 — ml-implode.com
“This story was originally released a couple of weeks ago but somehow did not make it to the blog. It goes hand in hand with the Moody’s downgrade of many Bank of America Jumbo Prime deals citing a 13% delinquency rate. This represents a total meltdown in the sector happening right now that nobody is reporting.”
This is a difficult one to wrap my head around. But the idea that they are trying to create a different class of debt is very troubling. The resulting confusion can’t be good for investors who were fooled by GSE AAA ratings based on “implicit” guarantees.
Move Presents Challenges: ‘Very Close Cousins to Existing Treasury Bills’
By JON HILSENRATH and DAMIAN PALETTA – Wall Street Journal
The Federal Reserve is considering issuing its own debt for the first time, a move that would give the central bank additional flexibility as it tries to stabilize rocky financial markets.
Government debt issuance is largely the province of the Treasury Department, and the Fed already can print as much money as it wants. But as the credit crisis drags on and the economy suffers from recession, Fed officials are looking broadly for new financial tools.
Fed officials have approached Congress about the concept, which could include issuing bills or some other form of debt, according to people familiar with the matter.
It isn’t known whether these preliminary discussions will result in a formal proposal or Fed action. One hurdle: The Federal Reserve Act doesn’t explicitly permit the Fed to issue notes beyond currency.
2008-12-08 — doctorhousingbubble.com
“It is important to note that home building during the Great Depression dropped by 80% between the years 1929 and 1932. It is also the case that many families owned farms which clearly isn’t a factor in today’s market. But we can use current measures and try to determine how deep our current decline is in relation to the past. Keep in mind that when you read 1929 – 1932 you may get a psychological feeling that this was a short timeframe. Remember that in late 1929 we saw the peak of the stock market and the bottom wasn’t reached until the middle of 1932 and it lingered near the lows for a very long time. If we follow a similar timeline with our market peak in October of 2007, then we can expect a bottom in the summer of 2010.
2008-12-08 — ml-implode.com
The default rate on commercial mortgage debt has remained near historic lows, even while residential-related debt suffered a severe downturn.
But that is now beginning to change, sending new shock waves into much-battered banks, private-equity funds and other financial institutions that participate in the $1 trillion commercial real-estate debt market.
Bloomburg – 2008-12-08
“Most U.S. mortgages modified by lenders to help keep struggling borrowers in their homes fell back into delinquency within six months, the chief regulator of national banks said. ”
Almost 53 percent of borrowers whose loans were modified in the first quarter of this year re-defaulted by being more than 30 days overdue, John Dugan, head of the Treasury Department’s Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, said today at a housing conference in Washington.
2008-12-02 – NYpost.com
“All we’ve created is dead banks, not true value in their stock,” said Paul Miller, a banking analyst with FBR Capital Markets.
Of course the government just buying common equity stakes wouldn’t be so great either, unless they were going to get serious about taking an active stake in management, and forcing increased consumer lending.
But then, what exactly would we be left with? Not a private free market, that’s for sure. Almost makes one pine for New Deal-era direct consumer lending programs and work programs.
There seem to be no good solutions — no matter what Hank does, there are very serious (if not fatal) flaws with the plan. And by continously shifting plans, even more confusion is added, which is toxic to the market. Hank and Ben seem to want to do a little bit of everything, without really committing anything, which seems to be a horrible recipe for success.
Or maybe its just that every intervention is a bad intervention. Is this all really better than just letting the system fall apart so something new can take its place? As far as the list of things we were trying to prevent, the stock market has already collapsed (though it could go further), mortgage lendering is still too constrained for most people (given prices), and consumer lending is still being choked off. What exactly are we gaining from all this intervention and “official” uncertainty?
2008-12-02 – Optionamrageddon.com
If you want to understand de-leveraging, you could do worse than Meredith Whitney’s op-ed in yesterday’s Financial Times. She noted that $3 trillion of credit had been “expunged” from the economy so far this year. She also said credit card lines could be substantially reduced:
“I estimate that the mortgage market will shrink for the first time in US history and that the credit card market will be 18 months behind it. While just over 70 per cent of US households have access to credit cards, 90 per cent of these people use credit cards as a cash-flow management vehicle, or revolve payments at least once a year. While the credit card market is small relative to the mortgage market, it has grown to play a key role in consumer liquidity. Declining liquidity here will have disastrous effects on consumer spending and the economy. My primary concern is preserving liquidity to consumers, who command more than two-thirds of gross domestic product,” said, Whitney.
2008-12-01 — yahoo.com
2008-11-26 — ml-implode.com
Remember folks, we have seen this happen a few times this year. Rates went right back up after the initial knee jerk lower. This actually happened yesterday as after the initial betterment in the morning, all banks re-priced for the worse multiple times yesterday paring back the rate improvement sharply. I am still not convinced that the low rates will last – Mr Mortgage talks about in the link below.
By Scott Lanman and Dawn Kopecki
Nov. 25 (Bloomberg) — The Federal Reserve took two new steps to unfreeze credit for homebuyers, consumers and small businesses, committing up to $800 billion.
The central bank will purchase as much as $600 billion in debt issued or backed by government-chartered housing-finance companies. It will also set up a program of $200 billion to support consumer and small-business loans, the Fed said in statements today in Washington.
With today’s announcement, the central bank is starting to use some of the unorthodox policy tools that Chairman Ben S. Bernanke outlined as a Fed governor six years ago. Policy makers are aiming to prevent a financial collapse and stamp out the threat of deflation.
“They’re trying to put funds into the system, trying to unfreeze these markets,” said William Poole, the former St. Louis Fed president, in an interview with Bloomberg Television. “Clearly, the Fed and the Treasury are beginning to take a large amount of credit risk.”
The Fed will purchase up to $100 billion in direct debt of Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and the Federal Home Loan Banks and up to $500 billion of mortgage-backed securities backed by Fannie, Freddie and Ginnie Mae, the statement said. Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson said at a press conference that $200 billion is just the “starting point” for the asset-backed securities program.
“The economy is turning down pretty dramatically,” he said. “It’s very important that lending continue to be available.”
I sure wish some of the foolish talking heads on our televisions could be held accountable for misinformation. But hey, it is the news, since when have we pushed for accuracy. Peter Shiff has tried and tried to speak to the masses about the upcoming crisis and the true net effects it could have on the entire economy. But instead of listening, it was easier to laugh and ridicule. Watch the video for yourself.
2008-11-24 — ml-implode.com
This housing and mortgage crisis is not a result of millions borrowers buying beyond their means or some massive consumer driven multi-year mortgage fraud era where everyone lied to buy a home. This crisis was caused by fraud alright – but not by the consumer.
The greatest real estate bubble of all time was only able to occur because of the bank’s allowing home owners to use extraordinary leverage created through exotic loan programs and easy credit that never existed before and never will again.
Once a Gold Standard Warrior, has Alan Greenspan lost his youthful wisdom?
Casey Research, LLC.
The Casey Report
The $800 billion bailout, and billions more being pumped less obviously into the global economy, will cure nothing. Americans are clamoring for a savior. No one is willing to believe that the party is over. In the past, someone always came to our rescue.
Like a parent dispelling a childhood nightmare, FDR soothed the masses with the assurance that they had nothing to fear but fear itself. To this day, he is revered for turning a depression into the Great Depression. In the aftermath of the dot-com bubble, Fed Chairman Alan Greenspan came to the rescue with a brand-new bubble in real estate.
Even if there was someone out there who could pull off one more illusionary rescue, it would only delay the inevitable and worsen the pain. Pain now or more pain later. The compassionate solution is to let Adam Smith’s invisible hand guide us, as should have been happening all along. Almost no public figures have the backbone to speak honestly about what’s wrong. There is no free lunch. Still, voters believe the promise that “I will give you what you want and make someone else pay for it.” Neither Congress nor either presidential candidate can take us back to the fairytale world of mortgaged opulence we blissfully enjoyed in the recent past.
NEW YORK (CNNMoney.com) — In a surprise move, FDIC Chairwoman Sheila Bair Friday unveiled details of her plan to have the government help delinquent homeowners.
There are two key elements to the proposal.
First, housing payments for delinquent borrowers would be reduced to 31% of gross monthly income.
To get there, mortgage rates could be set as low as 3% for five years, before increasing at an annual rate of 1 percentage point until it hits the prevailing market rate. Loan terms could be extended as long as 40 years.
Second, to encourage servicers and investors to participate, the government would share up to 50% of the losses if a borrower who had been helped ended up in default anyway. The risk of re-default had been one obstacle to getting lenders on board with systematic modification plans.
This is getting ridiculous.
On top of a record $29bn quarterly loss (and the tacit admission that it will continue to report losses for the forseeable future), and buried on page 218 is this little gem in Fannie Mae’s 10-Q filing with the SEC:
Treasury’s funding commitment may not be sufficient to keep us in a solvent condition
Say what? This is what:
Under the senior preferred stock purchase agreement, Treasury has made a commitment to provide up to $100 billion in funding as needed to help us maintain a positive net worth. To the extent we draw under the funding commitment in the future, the amount of Treasury’s funding commitment will be reduced by that amount. If we continue to experience substantial losses in future periods or to the extent that we experience a liquidity crisis that prevents us from accessing the unsecured debt markets, this commitment may not be sufficient to keep us in solvent condition or from being placed into receivership.
That’s right – Fannie Mae’s taken a page from AIG’s playbook. One massive bailout – and $100bn – may not have been enough to set the mortgage lender to rights.
But the question is – will anything be?